Geophysics involves the application of physics and mathematics to the study of processes that operate on and within the Earth and other planets, over short and long timescales. The AB degree requires a total of 14 courses, including 6 geoscience courses, 3 physics or engineering courses, and 3 math and applied math courses. The ScB degree requires a total of 20 courses, including 8 geoscience courses, 4 physics or engineering courses, and 3 math and applied courses; students can choose courses from both solid Earth geophysics and climate science themes. Geoscience courses emphasize an analytical and process-oriented approach, with hands-on experiences in labs and on field trips. Active and collaborative learning is encouraged, as is practice in written and oral communication. There are many opportunities for students to engage in research (typically in paid positions) during the academic year or in the summer, in areas such as analysis of seismic waves in subduction zones, theoretical modeling of convection in the Earth’s mantle, modeling the effects of the warming climate in the oceans and atmosphere, and remote sensing of how climate change affects vegetation.

### Standard program for the A.B. degree

Recommended for students seeking a liberal education and interested in applying physical and mathematical principles toward an understanding of the processes affecting planets, Earth, and the environment and how they are modeled. Some course requirements may be flexible based on consultation with concentration advisor.

EEPS 0220 | Earth Processes | 1 |

EEPS 0250 | Computational Approaches to Modelling and Quantitative Analysis in Natural Sciences: An Introduction | 1 |

or EEPS 0350 | Mathematical Methods of Fluid | |

Four theme courses (choose either the Solid Earth Geophysics Theme or the Climate Science Theme) | 4 | |

Solid Earth Geophysics Theme | ||

Geochemistry: Earth and Planetary Materials and Processes | ||

Solid Earth Geophysics | ||

And select two of the following: | ||

Mineralogy | ||

Petrology | ||

Structural Geology | ||

Continuum Physics of the Solid Earth | ||

Climate Science Theme | ||

Earth: Evolution of a Habitable Planet | ||

And select two from the following: | ||

Ocean Biogeochemical Cycles | ||

Global Water Cycle | ||

Principles of Planetary Climate | ||

Introduction to Atmospheric Dynamics | ||

Ocean Circulation and Climate | ||

Choose one of the following: | 1 | |

Foundations of Mechanics | ||

Analytical Mechanics | ||

Dynamics and Vibrations | ||

Choose one of the following: | 1 | |

Foundations of Electromagnetism and Modern Physics | ||

Mechanics of Solids and Structures | ||

Fluid Mechanics ^{1} | ||

Choose one of the following: | 1 | |

Electricity and Magnetism | ||

Advanced Classical Mechanics | ||

Computational Physics | ||

Electricity and Magnetism | ||

Fluid Mechanics ^{1,2} | ||

Advanced Engineering Mechanics | ||

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics: Rotating, Stratified Turbulence Edition | ||

Three courses in Mathematics, including: | 3 | |

Methods of Applied Mathematics I, II | ||

or APMA 0340 | Methods of Applied Mathematics I, II | |

CHEM 0330 | Equilibrium, Rate, and Structure (or advanced placement) | 1 |

One additional course from upper level geological sciences, mathematics, or supporting sciences with approval from the departmental concentration advisor. ^{3} | 1 | |

Total Credits | 14 |

^{1} | One course cannot be used to satisfy two requirements. |

^{2} | ENGN 0810 or EEPS 1820 are recommended for those completing the Climate Science theme. |

^{3} | In addition to courses listed elsewhere, in the Geology-Physics/Math concentrations, these courses are of particular relevance: EEPS 0810, EEPS 1320, EEPS 1710, EEPS 1960A. |

### Standard program for the Sc.B. degree

This program is recommended for students interested in graduate study and careers in geophysics, climate science and related fields. Students will be prepared to understand and use models, make measurements, and use theories of the processes studied in these fields. Some course requirements may be flexible based on consultation with concentration advisor.

EEPS 0220 | Earth Processes | 1 |

EEPS 1430 | Principles of Planetary Climate | 1 |

EEPS 1610 | Solid Earth Geophysics | 1 |

EEPS 0250 | Computational Approaches to Modelling and Quantitative Analysis in Natural Sciences: An Introduction | 1 |

or EEPS 0350 | Mathematical Methods of Fluid | |

Five theme courses (choose either the Solid Earth Geophysics theme or the Climate Science Theme): | 5 | |

Solid Earth Geophysics Theme | ||

Geochemistry: Earth and Planetary Materials and Processes | ||

Structural Geology | ||

Continuum Physics of the Solid Earth | ||

And choose two from the following: | ||

Mineralogy | ||

Petrology | ||

Global Tectonics | ||

Earthquake Seismology | ||

Or a field course | ||

Climate Science Theme | ||

Earth: Evolution of a Habitable Planet | ||

Choose one: | ||

Introduction to Atmospheric Dynamics | ||

Ocean Circulation and Climate | ||

And choose three from the following: ^{1} | ||

Ocean Biogeochemical Cycles | ||

Global Water Cycle | ||

Global Environmental Remote Sensing | ||

Introduction to Atmospheric Dynamics | ||

Ocean Circulation and Climate | ||

Or a field or sea course | ||

PHYS 0050 | Foundations of Mechanics | 1 |

or PHYS 0070 | Analytical Mechanics | |

or ENGN 0040 | Dynamics and Vibrations | |

PHYS 0060 | Foundations of Electromagnetism and Modern Physics | 1 |

or ENGN 0310 | Mechanics of Solids and Structures | |

or ENGN 0810 | Fluid Mechanics | |

Select two of the following: ^{1,2} | 2 | |

Electricity and Magnetism | ||

Advanced Classical Mechanics | ||

Computational Physics | ||

Electricity and Magnetism | ||

Fluid Mechanics | ||

Advanced Engineering Mechanics | ||

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics: Rotating, Stratified Turbulence Edition | ||

Three courses in mathematics including | 3 | |

Methods of Applied Mathematics I, II | ||

or APMA 0340 | Methods of Applied Mathematics I, II | |

One additional courses from upper level geological sciences, mathematics, or supporting sciences with approval from the departmental concentration advisor. ^{3} | 1 | |

CHEM 0330 | Equilibrium, Rate, and Structure | 1 |

EEPS 1970 | Individual Study of Geologic Problems | 1 |

Total Credits | 19 |

^{1} | One course cannot be used to satisfy two requirements |

^{2} | ENGN 0810 or EEPS 1820 are recommended for those completing the Climate Science theme. |

^{3} | In addition to courses listed elsewhere, in the Geology-Physics/Math concentrations, these courses are of particular relevance: EEPS 0810,EEPS 1320, EEPS 1710, EEPS 1960A. |